Johann Sebastian Bach (1685-1750) was born into a musical German family, rose to greatness, and is widely regarded as one of the most influential composers of all time. As a child, Bach received religious instruction in the Lutheran tradition common in Germany, and his faith inspired and influenced his musical compositions. Early in his career he was appointed organist at the New Church in Arnstadt, Germany, where his responsibilities included composing and organizing music for religious services and special events and providing musical instruction. In 1708, Bach became the organist at the court of the Duke Wilhelm Ernst in Weimar where many of his church cantatas and some of his best compositions for the organ were written, including his renowned "Toccata and Fugue in D Minor." Though Bach's talent as an organist was highly respected in Europe during his lifetime, recognition as a great composer came later and gained greatest strength with revival performances of his music in the first half of the 19th century. He is now considered to be the most accomplished composer of the Baroque, an era characterized by musical invention and discovery, tension and grandeur. His music transcends time and place. Bach's works combine unparalleled inventiveness with beauty and emotional power and his influence stretches from legendary composers like Mozart, Beethoven and Mendelssohn to the greatest twentieth century and contemporary composers.